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Protocol Information

Native Plant Nursery
USDI NPS - Glacier National Park
West Glacier, Montana 59936
(406) 888-7835


Family Scientific Name: Grossulariaceae
Family Common Name: Gooseberry family
Scientific Name: Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir.
Common Name: Black Gooseberry
Species Code: RIBLAC
Ecotype: Subalpine Forest, Logan Pass, 2032m elev.
General Distribution: R. lacustre occurs from Alaska to California, east across Canada to Newfoundland, south to Pennsylvania, Michigan, the Dakotas, and south through the Rocky Mountains to Colorado.
Propagation Goal: Plants
Propagation Method: Seed
Product Type: Container (plug)
Stock Type: 800 ml containers
Time To Grow: 9 Months
Target Specifications: Stock Type: Container seedling
Height: 10 cm
Caliper: 9 mm
Root System: firm plug in 800 ml container.
Propagule Collection: Seeds are collected when fruit turns black in late August. Seeds are tan at maturity. Fruit is collected in plastic bags and kept under refrigeration prior to cleaning.
Propagule Processing: Seeds are cleaned by maceration using a Dyb-vig seed cleaner followed by screening.
Seed longevity is unknown.
Seed dormancy is classified as physiological dormancy.
Seeds/Kg: 1,200,000/kg
% Purity: 100%
% Germination: 80 to 100%
Pre-Planting Treatments: Seeds were fall sown in containers to undergo a 5 month outdoor cold, moist stratification.
Growing Area Preparation/
Annual Practices for Perennial Crops:

Outdoor nursery growing facility.
Sowing Method: Direct Seeding. Seeds are covered with medium.
Growing medium used is 6:1:1 milled sphagnum peat, perlite, and vermiculite with Osmocote controlled release fertilizer (13N:13P2O5:13K2O; 8 to 9 month release rate at 21C) and Micromax fertilizer (12%S, 0.1%B, 0.5%Cu, 12%Fe, 2.5%Mn, 0.05%Mo, 1%Zn) at the rate of 2 grams of Osmocote and 0.75 gram of Micromax per 800 ml container. Containers are filled and sown in late fall and irrigated thoroughly prior to winter stratification.
Seedlings germinate in spring under fluctuating outdoor temperatures and are grown under full sun exposure. Seedlings are irrigated with Rainbird automatic irrigation system in early morning until containers are thoroughly leached.
Average growing season of nursery is from late April after snowmelt until October 15th.
Establishment Phase: Seeds germinate evenly over a 2 week period. Initial growth of the seedlings is rapid. Seedlings are thinned at 2 to 4 true leaf stage.
Length of Establishment Phase: 4 weeks
Active Growth Phase: Plants grow rapidly following establishment, and are regularly fertilized with 20-20-20 liquid NPK at 100 ppm. Plants are root tight in conetainers in 1 month. Plants are potted into 800 ml pots. Seedlings reach root-tightness in 3 months.
Length of Active Growth Phase: 16 weeks
Hardening Phase: Plants are fertilized with 10-20-20 liquid NPK at 200 ppm during August and September. Irrigation is gradually reduced in September and October. Plants were given one final irrigation prior to winterization.
Length of Hardening Phase: 4 weeks
Harvesting, Storage and Shipping: Total Time to Harvest: 9 months
Harvest Date: July and August
Storage Conditions: Overwinter in outdoor nursery under insulating foam and snow.
Length of Storage: 5 months
Outplanting performance on typical sites: Outplanting Site: Logan Pass, Glacier National Park, MT.
Outplanting Date: After snow melt at high elevations.
Outplanting Survival at 3 Years: 93%
Other Comments: This species grows rapidly and 3L (1 gallon) container plants can be produced from seeds in 1 year.
References: Flora of the Pacific Northwest, Hitchcock and Cronquist, University of Washington Press, 7th printing, 1990.

Seeds of the Woody Plants in North America, Young and Young, Dioscorides Press, 1992.

Seeds of the Woody Plants in the United States, Agriculture Handbook No. 450, U.S.F.S., Washington D.C., 1974.

Glacier Park Native Plant Nursery Propagation Records, unpublished.

1999 Revegetation Monitoring Report, Glacier National Park, Asebrook, J. and Brenneman, B., unpublished.

Citation:
Wick, Dale; Hosokawa, Joy.; Evans, Jeff. 2008. Propagation protocol for production of container Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir. plants (800 ml containers); USDI NPS - Glacier National Park, West Glacier, Montana. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 26 July 2014). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.
 

Protocol Information

Carol and Jerry Baskin
Professors
University of Kentucky
University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0225


Family Scientific Name: Grossulariaceae
Family Common Name: Currant family
Scientific Name: Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir
Common Name: Swamp gooseberry
Species Code: RIBLAC
General Distribution: R. lacustre is found from Alaska east to Newfoundland and south to California, Colorado, the Dakotas, Michigan and Pennsylvania.
Propagation Goal: Plants
Propagation Method: Seed
Product Type: Container (plug)
Propagule Processing: Seeds exhibit physiological dormancy.
Pre-Planting Treatments: Seeds are placed in cold moist stratification for 120 to 200 days.
References: Pfister, R. D. (1974). Ribes L. Currant, gooseberry. Pp. 720-727. In: C. S. Schopmeyer (Tech. Coord.). Seeds of woody plants in the United States. USDA. Forest Service. Agriculture Handbook No. 450.
Baskin, C.J. and Baskin, J.M. Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography and Evolution in Dormancy and Germination, Academic Press, 1998. Chapter 10: A Geographical Perspective on Germination Ecology: Temperate and Arctic Zones, pages 331 to 458.

Citation:
Baskin, Carol C.; Baskin, Jerry M. 2002. Propagation protocol for production of container Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir plants; University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 26 July 2014). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.