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Protocol Information

Native Plant Nursery
USDI NPS - Glacier National Park
West Glacier, Montana 59936
(406) 888-7835


Family Scientific Name: Rosaceae
Family Common Name: Rose family
Scientific Name: Fragaria vesca L.
Common Synonym: Fragaria bracteata Heller
Common Name: Woods strawberry
Species Code: FRAVES
Ecotype: Cedar/Hemlock forest margin, Avalanche, Glacier National Park, Flathead Co., MT.,1100m elevation
General Distribution: F. vesca occurs in open woods and meadows to streambanks; throughout North America and Europe.
Propagation Goal: Plants
Propagation Method: Vegetative
Product Type: Bareroot (field grown)
Stock Type: Bareroot plants
Time To Grow: 1 Years
Target Specifications: Stock Type: Bareroot nursery stock
Height: 5 cm
Caliper: n/a
Root System: Bareroot plant with well developed root system.
Propagule Collection: Vegetative Propagation Method: Spring or Fall Divisions
Type of Cutting: Divisions. 30 to 50 plants with stolons are placed in a raised bed.
Propagule Processing: none
Pre-Planting Treatments: Transplants are planted into raised bed for increase of plants.
Growing Area Preparation/
Annual Practices for Perennial Crops:

Outdoor nursery in raised bareroot bed.
Establishment Phase: Soil in raised bed is equal parts: well rotted cow manure, sand, and soil mix. Hundreds of plants can be generated in one growing season.
Length of Establishment Phase: 2 weeks
Active Growth Phase: These are outplanted as bareroot material or can be potted into containers.
Length of Active Growth Phase: 12 weeks
Harvesting, Storage and Shipping: Total Time To Harvest: 1 year
Harvest Date: Spring or Fall
Plants are lifted from raised bed with shovel and outplanted as bareroot plants.
Storage Conditions: Plants overwinter in raised bed in outdoor nursery under snow cover.
Length of Storage: 4 months
Outplanting performance on typical sites: Outplanting Site: Avalanche, Glacier National Park, MT.
Outplanting Date: September.
Other Comments: There are 3 botanical varieties: var. vesca, var. bracteata, and crinita.
Seed Propagation Method: Direct Seeding
Seed Processing: Seed is collected when the fruits turn red in mid summer. Seed is cleaned by maceration of the fruit using a Dyb-vig cleaner, and is washed and screened.
Seed Storage is estimated at 3 years.
Seed dormancy is classified as physiological dormancy.
Seed Treatments: A minimum of a 85 day cold, moist stratification is recommended for this species. Germination occurs at 21C. Seeds are covered with medium.
References: Flora of the Pacific Northwest, Hitchcock and Cronquist, 7th edition, University of Washington Press, 1973.

Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography, and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination, Baskin and Baskin, Academic Press, 1998.

Growing Colorado Plants from Seed, A State of the Art, Vol. 3: Forbs, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, NTIS General Technical Report, 1982.

Glacier National Park Native Plant Nursery Propagation Records, unpublished.

Citation:
Evans, Jeff; Wick, Dale.; Luna, Tara. 2008. Propagation protocol for vegetative production of field-grown Fragaria vesca L. plants (Bareroot plants); USDI NPS - Glacier National Park, West Glacier, Montana. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 30 July 2014). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.
 

Protocol Information

Betty Young
Nurseries Sr Manager
Bldg 201, Fort Mason
San Francisco, California 94123
415-331-6917
415-331-7521
byoung@ggnpa.org


Family Scientific Name: Rosaceae
Family Common Name: Rose Family
Scientific Name: Fragaria vesca L. californica (Cham. & Schlecht.) Staudt
Common Synonym: Fragaria californica Cham. & Schlecht.
Common Name: California Strawberry
Species Code: FRAVES
Ecotype: Presidio, California
General Distribution: F. vesca var. californica is found in moist places below 7,000 feet elvation, in the Sierra Nevada and coast ranges from Del Norte County south to Lower California.
Propagation Goal: Plants
Propagation Method: Vegetative
Product Type: Container (plug)
Stock Type: 2 inch pot
Target Specifications: Height: N/A
Caliper: N/A
Root System: Firm plug in container.
Propagule Collection: Stolons with plantlets are collected between May 21st and August 15th.
Cutting length is 37 cm(16 inches).
Propagule Processing: Cuttings are kept moist and cool prior to treatment.
Pre-Planting Treatments: Cuttings are struck in flats containing 1:1 Perlite/Vermiculite.
40 Cuttings are struck 0.25 inch deep per flat.
% Rooting: 90%
Growing Area Preparation/
Annual Practices for Perennial Crops:

Fully Controlled Greenhouse.
Flats are kept in the greenhouse and watered with an automatic mist system until roots are fully developed.
Establishment Phase: Planting Method: Transplanting Cuttings.
Cuttings are transplanted to individual containers 2" pots containing standard potting mix of peat moss, fir bark, perlite, and sand. Cuttings are placed in the shadehouse.
References: A California Flora and Supplement, Munz, P., University of California Press, Berkeley and London, 1973.

Citation:
Young, Betty 2001. Propagation protocol for vegetative production of container Fragaria vesca L. californica (Cham. & Schlecht.) Staudt plants (2 inch pot); , San Francisco, California. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 30 July 2014). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.
 

Protocol Information

Betty Young
Nurseries Sr Manager
Bldg 201, Fort Mason
San Francisco, California 94123
415-331-6917
415-331-7521
byoung@ggnpa.org


Family Scientific Name: Rosaceae
Family Common Name: Rose Family
Scientific Name: Fragaria vesca L.
Common Name: Woods Strawberry
Species Code: FRAVES
Ecotype: Tennessee Valley, California
General Distribution: F. vesca is found in moist woods
Propagation Goal: Plants
Propagation Method: Vegetative
Product Type: Container (plug)
Stock Type: 4 inch pot
Target Specifications: Height: N/A
Caliper: N/A
Root System: Firm plug in container.
Propagule Collection: Stolons with plantlets are collected between November 1st and May 1st.
Cuuting length is 10 cm (4 inches).
Propagule Processing: Cuttings are kept moist and cool prior to treatment.
Pre-Planting Treatments: Cuttings are struck in flats containing 3:1 Perlite/Vermiculite.
20 Cuttings are struck 1.5 inch deep per flat.
% Rooting: 90%
Growing Area Preparation/
Annual Practices for Perennial Crops:

Fully Controlled Greenhouse.
Flats are kept in the greenhouse and watered with an automatic mist system until roots are fully developed.
Establishment Phase: Planting Method: Transplanting Cuttings.
Time to Transplant: 90 days.
Cuttings are transplanted to individual containers (4 inch pots) containing standard potting mix of peat moss, fir bark, perlite, and sand. Cuttings are placed in the shadehouse.
Transplant Survival averages 85%.
References: A California Flora and Supplement, Munz, P., University of California Press, Berkeley and London, 1973.

Citation:
Young, Betty 2001. Propagation protocol for vegetative production of container Fragaria vesca L. plants (4 inch pot); , San Francisco, California. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 30 July 2014). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.