Martin van der Grinten
USDA NRCS - Big Flats Plant Materials Center
RD #1, Route 352, Box 360A
Corning, New York 14830-0360
|Family Scientific Name:
|Family Common Name:
||Morella pensylvanica Lionel
||Mt. Desert Island, Maine
||This upright shrub is found along coastal areas from Nova
Scotia to Florida and west to Minnesota. Tolerates poor soils and high salt concentrations and has broad range of uses.
||Stock Type: 1 gallon container seedlings.
Height: 12 inches.
Root System: Plant will have a good root system in containers.
||Collected in Acadia National Park, Maine by Martin van der Grinten in September/October by hand harvesting.
||Seed Processing: Seeds are hand harvested. The seed is hand rubbed on a rubbing board to remove the waxy coat, just before seeding.
Seeds/Kg: 55,000 seed per pound.
||Seed Treatments: Hand rubbing the seed on a rubbing board. Seed can use a 3 month cold stratification at 34°– 40°F. If seeding in late fall, natural
stratification will be effective.
|Growing Area Preparation/
Annual Practices for Perennial Crops:
Propagation Environment: Seed is sown in cold frame in early winter.
Seed Propagation Method: Seed are sown in sturdy plastic flats in Metro-Mix 250 growing media and placed in cold frames in early winter December). Once seedlings are up, they are transplanted to 5 inch pots and gallon
containers, with Pro-Mix BX media. Once in 1 gallon containers, they are placed in lathe house.
Container Type and Volume: 1 gallon containers.
Growing Media: Pro-Mix BX.
||Sowing Date: Seed should be sown in late fall/early winter, in cold frames or raised beds in the field.
% Emergence and Date: Good germination should occur in the spring.
Sowing/Planting Technique: Seed can be sown in flats with Metro-Mix 360.
Establishment Phase: Once the seedlings are up, transplant them to 5 inch pots with Metro-Mix 250. Monitor the watering.
|Active Growth Phase:
||Rapid Growth Phase: Once plants are to a sufficient size, transplant to 1
gallon pots. They can be fertilized with Osmocote slow release fertilizer. Monitor the watering.
||Hardening Phase: When the seedlings are transplanted into 5 inch pots, they can be placed in the lathe house where they can later be placed into
1 gallon containers.
|Harvesting, Storage and Shipping:
||Total Time To Harvest: It takes 3 years to obtain a plant of 1 gallon size material for transplanting.
Harvest Date: September/October.
Storage Conditions: Seed should be stored with its waxy coat in a seed
cooler at 40°F.
|Outplanting performance on typical sites:
||Outplanting Site: Acadia National Park.
Outplanting Date: Transplant in spring/early summer.
||Seeds of Woody Plants in North America, Young and Young, Dioscorides Press, 1992.
Trees and Shrubs of New England, M. J. Dewelley, Down East Books, 1980.
|van der Grinten, Martin 2007. Propagation protocol for production of container Morella pensylvanica Lionel plants; USDA NRCS - Big Flats Plant Materials Center, Corning, New York. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 8 December 2013). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.|